The digestive system is perhaps the largest system in the human body with many accessory organs and glands to perform its overall digestive function. Gall bladder is a small gland located at the base of liver that assists in the emulsification, digestion and absorption of fats in food. Bile is secreted by liver and transferred to gall bladder for temporary storage. Another function of this biliary vesicle (an alternative term used for gall bladder) is to concentrate the alkaline fluid that is composed of salts, pigments, fats and about 85% watery component.
Recent gallbladder information suggests that this structure in an adult human would measure about 8 X 4 cm and secretes bile juice to facilitate digestive processes of oily diet. The organ is divided into three parts, which are neck, body and fundus. The neck of gall bladder establishes a connection with liver through common bile duct and transcends its secretions through it. Fundus is located at the opposite end of this pear-shaped organ, while body lies in its proximity away from the neck.
Fun Facts on Gallbladder:
Following are some of the amazing gallbladder facts that you will really enjoy:
- There is a myth about gallbladder diseases that an individual should take low fat diet to prevent gallstones. It is not true! The fact is the opposite of it.
- Do you know that the saturated fats which consist of medium and short chain fatty acids, like coconut oil and ghee, do not require bile juice for their proper digestion?
- Studies suggest that foods with low fat serve to increase the chances of gallstones because such diets promote bile stasis and the excess carbohydrates are converted into fats.
- Gallbladder stores the bile juice secreted by the liver and pours it, when required, to duodenum of small intestine. This commonly happens after taking food that is rich in cholesterol or other lipids.
- The bile secreted by the gall bladder emulsifies fat molecules so that fat digestive enzymes, like lipase, can carry out their breakdown and digestion effectively.
- It is said that about 10 times concentration of bile is achieved in the gallbladder.
- Frequent and prolonged intake of fatty foods, would result in excessive concentration and hardening of bile juice resulting in the formation of gallbladder stones.
- Removing gallbladder does not interfere much with fat metabolism and bile is directly secreted to the intestine.
- Inflammatory disorder of the gallbladder is also common among people who have been suffering from untreated and prolonged infection of typhoid.
- Though people can survive with gallbladder removed through surgery, they are said to be at the greater risk of developing some serious liver diseases.
- People without gallbladder in their body may be advised by the physician to take bile supplements to counter the issues of impaired indigestion and the possibility of contacting liver conditions.
- In case of swelling and irritation in the gallbladder, the patients are likely to suffer from extreme pain on the right side of their abdomen.
- It is one of the most interesting facts about gallbladder that losing weight can trigger the formation of gallstones. The logic behind this argument is that for reducing weight, you will have to take low fat diets and in such foods all the excess carbohydrates are converted into fats.
- There is something mysterious about this bile vesicle, i.e. sometimes it gets highly inflamed, assuming the shape of a balloon, without any obvious medical reasons and requires surgical removal within 48 hours, or the worst can happen.
- The medical researchers have come up with another fun fact on gallbladder. They say that some gallstones, made from calcium and extra fatty cholesterols, can get dissolved in the bile itself and thus disappear!